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Washington, D.C. 20549








Date of Report (Date of earliest event reported): July 7, 2023


Direct Digital Holdings, Inc.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)


Delaware   001-41261   87-2306185
(State or other jurisdiction
of incorporation)
File Number)
  (IRS Employer
Identification No.)


1177 West Loop South, Suite 1310
Houston, Texas
(Address of principal executive offices)   (Zip Code)


Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (832) 402-1051


Not Applicable

(Former name or former address, if changed since last report)


Check the appropriate box below if the Form 8-K filing is intended to simultaneously satisfy the filing obligation of the registrant under any of the following provisions:


¨ Written communications pursuant to Rule 425 under the Securities Act (17 CFR 230.425)
¨ Soliciting material pursuant to Rule 14a-12 under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14a-12)
¨ Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 14d-2(b) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14d-2(b))
¨ Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 13e-4(c) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.13e-4(c))


Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Exchange Act:


Title of each class   Trading
  Name of each exchange
on which registered
Class A common stock, par value $0.001 per share   DRCT   The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC
Warrants to purchase Class A common stock   DRCTW   The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC


Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is an emerging growth company as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act of 1933 (§230.405 of this chapter) or Rule 12b-2 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the “Exchange Act”) (§240.12b-2 of this chapter).


Emerging growth company x


If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ¨







Item 1.01 Entry into a Material Definitive Agreement.


On July 7, 2023, Direct Digital Holdings, Inc. (the “Company”) entered into a Credit Agreement (the “Credit Agreement”), by and among East West Bank (“EWB”), as lender, and Direct Digital Holdings, LLC, the Company, Huddled Masses LLC, Colossus Media, LLC and Orange142, LLC, as borrowers.


The Credit Agreement provides for a revolving credit facility (the “Credit Facility”) in the original principal amount of up to $5 million, subject to a borrowing base determined based on eligible accounts, and an up to $5 million uncommitted incremental revolving facility. Loans under the Credit Facility mature on July 7, 2025 (the “Maturity Date”), unless the Credit Facility is otherwise terminated pursuant to the terms of the Credit Agreement.


Borrowings under the Credit Facility bear interest at a rate per annum equal to the one-month Term Secured Overnight Financing Rate, as administered by the CME Group Benchmark Administration Limited (“CBA”) (or a successor administrator of the secured overnight financing rate) and displayed by Bloomberg LP (or any successor thereto, or replacement thereof, as approved by EWB) and as determined by EWB on the first day of the applicable interest period, plus 0.10% (10 basis points), plus 3.00% per annum (the “Loan Rate”); provided, that, in no event shall the Loan Rate be less than 0.50% of the Loan Rate effective as of the date of the Credit Agreement nor more than the maximum rate of interest allowed under applicable law. Upon an event of default under the Credit Agreement, the outstanding principal amounts of any advances will accrue interest at a rate per annum equal to the Loan Rate plus five percent (5%), but in no event in excess of the maximum rate of interest allowed under applicable law.


At the Company’s option, the Company may at any time prepay the outstanding principal balance of the Credit Facility in whole or in part, without fee, penalty or premium. All accrued but unpaid interest on outstanding advances under the Credit Agreement are payable in monthly installments on the last day of each monthly interest period until the Maturity Date when the then outstanding principal balance of the advances and all accrued but unpaid interest thereon becomes due and payable.


The Company and the other borrowers are required to maintain compliance at all times with the following financial covenants on a consolidated basis: (i) a fixed charge coverage ratio of not less than 1.25 to 1.0, beginning with the fiscal quarter ended on June 30, 2023 and at the end of each fiscal quarter thereafter; (ii) a total funded debt-to-EBITDA ratio of 3.50 to 1.00 as of the last day of each fiscal quarter from June 30, 2023 through December 31, 2023, 3.25 to 1.00 as of the last day of each fiscal quarter from March 31, 2024 through March 31, 2025 and 3.00 to 1.00 as of the last day of each fiscal quarter from June 30, 2025 and thereafter; and (iii) a liquidity covenant requiring the Company and the other borrowers to maintain minimum liquid assets at all times (calculated using unencumbered cash and cash equivalents and marketable securities), in one or more accounts held with EWB plus Revolving Credit Availability in the amount of $1,000,000. Revolving Credit Availability is defined as an amount such that the ratio of the value of eligible accounts to the aggregate amount of all outstanding advances under the credit agreement at such time is not less than 2.0 to 1.0.


The obligations under the Credit Facility are secured by all or substantially all of the borrowers’ assets.


The Credit Agreement contains customary representations and warranties and includes affirmative and negative covenants applicable to the borrowers thereto and their respective subsidiaries. The affirmative covenants include, among others, covenants requiring the Company to maintain its legal existence and governmental compliance, deliver certain financial reports and maintain insurance coverage. The negative covenants include, among others, restrictions on indebtedness, liens, investments, mergers, dispositions, prepayment of other indebtedness and dividends and other distributions.


The Credit Agreement also includes customary events of default, including, among other things, non-payment defaults, covenant defaults, inaccuracy of representations and warranties, defaults under any of the loan documents, certain cross-defaults to other indebtedness, certain bankruptcy and insolvency events, invalidity of guarantees or grant of security interest, certain ERISA-related transactions and events, certain orders of forfeiture, change of control, certain undischarged attachments, sequestrations, or similar proceedings, and certain undischarged or non-stayed judgments, in certain cases subject to certain thresholds and grace periods. The occurrence of an event of default could result in the acceleration of the obligations under the Credit Agreement of the Company or other borrowers.





A copy of the Credit Agreement is attached hereto as Exhibit 10.1 and is incorporated by reference herein. The foregoing description of the Credit Agreement is qualified in its entirety by reference to the full text of the Credit Agreement.


Item 2.03 Creation of a Direct Financial Obligation or an Obligation under an Off-Balance Sheet Arrangement of a Registrant.


The disclosures set forth in Item 1.01 of this Current Report on Form 8-K are incorporated by reference herein.


Item 9.01 Financial Statements and Exhibits.


(d) Exhibits




Exhibit No.   Description
10.1*   Credit Agreement, dated July 7, 2023, by and among Direct Digital Holdings, Inc., Direct Digital Holdings, LLC, Huddled Masses LLC, Colossus Media, LLC, and Orange142, LLC, as borrowers, and East West Bank, as lender.
104   Cover Page Interactive Data File, formatted in Inline Extensible Business Reporting Language (iXBRL).


* Pursuant to Item 601(a)(5) of Regulation S-K, certain schedules and attachments have been omitted. A copy of any omitted schedule or attachment will be furnished supplementally to the Securities and Exchange Commission upon request.







Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned hereunto duly authorized.


July 12, 2023
Direct Digital Holdings, Inc.
  /s/ Mark Walker
  Mark Walker
  Chief Executive Officer