|9 Months Ended|
Sep. 30, 2023
Note 6 — Long-Term Debt
On December 3, 2021, DDH LLC entered into the Term Loan and Security Agreement (the “2021 Credit Facility”) with Lafayette Square as administrative agent, and the various lenders thereto. The term loan under the 2021 Credit Facility provides for a term loan in the principal amount of up to $32,000,000, consisting of a $22,000,000 closing date term loan and an up to $10,000,000 delayed draw term loan (“Delayed Draw Loan”). The loans under the 2021 Credit Facility bear interest at LIBOR plus the applicable margin minus any applicable impact discount. The applicable margin under the 2021 Credit Facility is determined based on the consolidated total net leverage ratio of the Company and its consolidated subsidiaries, at a rate of 6.50% per annum if the consolidated total net leverage ratio is less than 2.00 to 1.00 and up to 9.00% per annum if the consolidated total net leverage ratio is greater than 4.00 to 1.00. The applicable impact discount under the 2021 Credit Facility is a discount of 0.05% per annum to the extent that DDH LLC adopts certain services intended to improve overall employee satisfaction and retention plus an additional discount of 0.05% per annum to the extent that DDH LLC maintains a B Corp certification by Standards Analysts at the non-profit B Lab (or a successor certification or administrator). On June 1, 2023 the Company entered into an agreement with Lafayette Square to convert the existing LIBOR based rate to a Term SOFR
Rate with a credit spread of 0.15% per annum for the interest periods of three months and provides for a credit spread adjustment of 0.10%, 0.15% or 0.25% per annum for interest periods of one month, three months or six months, respectively. The maturity date of the 2021 Credit Facility is December 3, 2026.
On July 28, 2022, the Company entered into the Second Amendment and Joinder to Term Loan and Security Agreement (the “Term Loan Amendment”) and received proceeds of $4,260,000 borrowed under the Delayed Draw Loan to pay the balance owed on the common unit redemption as well as costs associated with the transaction.
Pursuant to the 2021 Credit Facility, as amended by the Term Loan Amendment, DDH LLC will indemnify the Company from and against any claims, losses, expenses and other liabilities incurred by the Company arising from the Company’s guarantor obligations under the 2021 Credit Facility and related term loan documents. The Delayed Draw Loan is required to be repaid in quarterly installments payable on the last day of each fiscal quarter in an amount equal to (i) commencing with the fiscal quarter ending December 31, 2022 through and including the fiscal quarter ending December 31, 2023, $26,250, and (ii) commencing March 31, 2024 and continuing on the last day of each fiscal quarter thereafter, $52,500, with a final installment due December 3, 2026 in an amount equal to the remaining entire principal balance thereof.
The obligations under the 2021 Credit Facility are secured by senior, first-priority liens on all or substantially all assets of DDH LLC and its subsidiaries and are guaranteed by the subsidiaries of DDH LLC and include a pledge and guarantee by the Company. As of September 30, 2023, the Company owed a balance on the 2021 Credit Facility of $25,192,500. Additional deferred financing costs of $15,567 and $520,682 were incurred during the nine months ended September 30, 2023 and 2022, respectively. Unamortized deferred financing costs as of September 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022 were $1,722,716 and $2,115,161 respectively. Accrued and unpaid interest was $0 as of September 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022. The 2021 Credit Facility contains affirmative and negative covenants that, among other things, require the Company to maintain a net leverage ratio of no more than 3.50 to 1.00 as of the last day of each fiscal quarter through December 31, 2023, as adjusted thereafter, and a fixed charge coverage ratio of not less than 1.50 to 1.00 as of the last day of each fiscal quarter, as well as restrictions on the ability to incur indebtedness, create certain liens, make certain investments, make certain dividends and other types of distributions, and enter into or undertake certain mergers, consolidations, acquisitions and sales of certain assets and subsidiaries. The Company was in compliance with all the financial covenants under the 2021 Credit Facility as of September 30, 2023.
On October 3, 2023, the Company entered into the Fourth Amendment to the 2021 Credit Facility and received proceeds of $3.6 million borrowed under the Delayed Draw Term Loan to make payments in connection with the consummation of the 2023 warrant tender offer and fees and expenses incurred as described in Note 16 – Subsequent Events. In connection with this Fourth Amendment, the Company agreed it would not be permitted to request any additional funds under the Delayed Draw Term Loan, and Lafayette Square would not be obligated to fund any such requests.
The components of interest expense and related fees for the 2021 Credit Facility are as follows:
2023 Revolving Line of Credit - East West Bank
On July 7, 2023, the Company entered into a Credit Agreement (the “Credit Agreement”), by and among East West Bank (“EWB”), as lender, and DDH LLC, the Company, Huddled Masses, Colossus Media, and Orange142, as borrowers. The Credit Agreement provides for a revolving credit facility (the “2023 Credit Facility”) in the original principal amount of up to $5 million, subject to a borrowing base determined based on eligible accounts, and an up to $5 million uncommitted incremental revolving facility. Loans under the 2023 Credit Facility mature on July 7, 2025 (the “Maturity Date”), unless the 2023 Credit Facility is otherwise terminated pursuant to the terms of the Credit Agreement.
Borrowings under the 2023 Credit Facility bear interest at a rate per annum equal to the one-month Term Secured Overnight Financing Rate, as administered by the CME Group Benchmark Administration Limited (“CBA”) (or a successor administrator of the secured overnight financing rate) and displayed by Bloomberg LP (or any successor thereto, or replacement thereof, as approved by EWB) and as determined by EWB on the first day of the applicable interest period, plus 0.10% (10 basis points), plus 3.00% per annum (the “Loan Rate”); provided, that, in no event shall the Loan Rate be less than 0.50% of the Loan Rate effective as of the date of the Credit Agreement nor more than the maximum rate of interest allowed under applicable law. Upon an event of default under the Credit Agreement, the outstanding principal amounts of any advances will accrue interest at a rate per annum equal to the Loan Rate plus five percent (5%), but in no event in excess of the maximum rate of interest allowed under applicable law.
At the Company’s option, the Company may at any time prepay the outstanding principal balance of the 2023 Credit Facility in whole or in part, without fee, penalty or premium. All accrued but unpaid interest on outstanding advances under the Credit Agreement are payable in monthly installments on the last day of each monthly interest period until the Maturity Date when the then outstanding principal balance of the advances and all accrued but unpaid interest thereon becomes due and payable. The obligations under the 2023 Credit Facility are secured by all or substantially all of the borrowers’ assets.
The Company and the other borrowers are required to maintain compliance at all times with the following financial covenants on a consolidated basis: (i) a fixed charge coverage ratio of not less than 1.25 to 1.0, beginning with the fiscal quarter ended on June 30, 2023 and at the end of each fiscal quarter thereafter; (ii) a total funded debt-to-EBITDA ratio of 3.50 to 1.00 as of the last day of each fiscal quarter from June 30, 2023 through December 31, 2023, 3.25 to 1.00 as of the last day of each fiscal quarter from March 31, 2024 through March 31, 2025 and 3.00 to 1.00 as of the last day of each fiscal quarter from June 30, 2025 and thereafter; and (iii) a liquidity covenant requiring the Company and the other borrowers to maintain minimum liquid assets at all times (calculated using unencumbered cash and cash equivalents and marketable securities), in one or more accounts held with EWB plus Revolving Credit Availability in the amount of $1,000,000. Revolving Credit Availability is defined as an amount such that the ratio of the value of eligible accounts to the aggregate amount of all outstanding advances under the credit agreement at such time is not less than 2.0 to 1.0. The Company was in compliance with all the financial covenants under the 2023 Credit Facility as of September 30, 2023.
The Credit Agreement contains customary representations and warranties and includes affirmative and negative covenants applicable to the borrowers and their respective subsidiaries. The affirmative covenants include, among others, covenants requiring the Company to maintain its legal existence and governmental compliance, deliver certain financial reports and maintain insurance coverage. The negative covenants include, among others, restrictions on indebtedness, liens, investments, mergers, dispositions, prepayment of other indebtedness and dividends and other distributions.
The Credit Agreement also includes customary events of default, including, among other things, non-payment defaults, covenant defaults, inaccuracy of representations and warranties, defaults under any of the loan documents, certain cross-defaults to other indebtedness, certain bankruptcy and insolvency events, invalidity of guarantees or grant of security interest, certain ERISA-related transactions and events, certain orders of forfeiture, change of control, certain undischarged attachments, sequestrations, or similar proceedings, and certain undischarged or non-stayed judgments, in certain cases subject to certain thresholds and grace periods. The occurrence of an event of default could result in the acceleration of the obligations under the Credit Agreement of the Company or other borrowers. During the nine months ended September 30, 2023, the Company incurred $214,680 of deferred financing costs associated with the 2023 Credit Facility.
2020 Revolving Line of Credit - East West Bank
On September 30, 2020, the Company entered into a credit agreement that provided for a revolving credit facility with EWB in the amount of $4,500,000 with an initial availability of $1,000,000 (the “2020 Revolving Credit Facility”). On December 17, 2021, the Company amended the 2020 Revolving Credit Facility, which increased the amount of the revolving loan to $5,000,000 with an initial availability of $2,500,000, and in connection with the amendment, the Company incurred additional deferred financing fees of $4,613 in January 2022. The loans under the 2020 Revolving Credit Facility bore interest at the LIBOR rate plus 3.5% per annum, and as of March 31, 2022, the rate was 7.0% with a 0.50% unused fee.
On July 26, 2022, the Company terminated the 2020 Revolving Credit Facility. As of September 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022, the Company did not have any outstanding borrowings or deferred financing costs under the Revolving Credit Facility.
The components of interest expense and related fees for the 2023 Revolving Credit Facility and 2020 Revolving Credit Facility are as follows:
Silicon Valley Bank (“SVB”) Financing
On January 9, 2023, the Company entered into the SVB Loan Agreement, by and among SVB, as lender, and DDH LLC, the Company, Huddled Masses, Colossus Media and Orange142, as borrowers. The SVB Loan Agreement provided for a revolving credit facility (the “SVB Revolving Credit Facility”) in the original principal amount of $5 million, subject to a borrowing base determined based on eligible accounts, and up to an additional $2.5 million incremental revolving facility subject to the lender’s consent, which would increase the aggregate principal amount of the Credit Facility to $7.5 million. Loans under the SVB Revolving Credit Facility were to mature on September 30, 2024 unless the Credit Facility was otherwise terminated pursuant to the terms of the Loan Agreement.
On March 10, 2023, the California Department of Financial Protection and Innovation closed SVB and appointed the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation as receiver. As the Company had not yet drawn any amounts under the SVB Revolving Credit Facility, on March 13, 2023, the Company issued a notice of termination of the SVB Loan Agreement. The termination of the SVB Revolving Credit Facility became effective April 20, 2023. Prior to issuing the notice of termination, the Company received consent to terminate the SVB Revolving Credit Facility and a waiver of the terms relating to the SVB Revolving Credit Facility under its Term Loan and Security Agreement, dated as of December 3, 2021, with Lafayette Square Loan Servicing, LLC (“Lafayette Square”). The Company did not hold material cash deposits or securities at Silicon Valley Bank and as of the date of this report, has not experienced any adverse impact to its liquidity or to its current and projected business operations, financial condition or results of operations. During the nine months ended September 30, 2023, the Company incurred $211,934 of deferred financing costs. After the Company issued the notice of termination, total deferred financing costs of $299,770 were expensed to contingent loss on early termination of line of credit during the nine months ended September 30, 2023.
U.S. Small Business Administration Loans
Economic Injury Disaster Loan
In 2020, the Company applied and was approved for a loan pursuant to the Economic Injury Disaster Loan (“EIDL”), administered by the U.S. Small Business Administration (“SBA”). The Company received the loan proceeds of $150,000 on June 15, 2020. The loan bears interest at a rate of 3.75% and matures on June 15, 2050. Installment payments, including principal and interest, of $731 began monthly on December 15, 2022. Each payment will first be applied to pay accrued interest, then the remaining balance will be used to reduce principal. The loan is secured by substantially all assets of DDH LLC.
Accrued and unpaid interest expense as of September 30, 2023 and December 31, 2022 was $11,138 and $13,524, respectively, and is included in accrued expenses on the consolidated balance sheets.
Paycheck Protection Program
In 2020, the Company applied and was approved for a loan pursuant to the Paycheck Protection Program (“PPP”), administered by the SBA (the “PPP-1 Loan”). The PPP was authorized in the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act and was designed to provide a direct financial incentive for qualifying business to keep their workforce employees. The SBA made PPP loans available to qualifying businesses in amounts up to 2.5 times their average monthly payroll expenses, and loans were forgivable after a “covered period” (eight or twenty-four weeks) as long as the borrower maintained its payroll and utilities.
The forgiveness amount would be reduced if the borrower terminated employees or reduced salaries and wages more than 25% during the covered period. Any unforgiven portion was payable over two years if issued before, or five years if issued after, June 5, 2020
at an interest rate of 1.0% with payments deferred until the SBA remits the borrower’s loan forgiveness amount to the lender, or if the borrower did not apply for forgiveness, then six months after the end of the covered period.
In March 2021, DDH LLC applied for and received a PPP loan (the “PPP-2 Loan”) for a principal amount of $287,143 and there were no collateral or guarantee requirements. On, the balance on the PPP-2 Loan was forgiven.
As of September 30, 2023, future minimum payments related to long-term debt are as follows for the years ended December 31:
The entire disclosure for long-term debt.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef